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Mushrooms (Subkingdom Dikarya)

While the term 'mushroom' is usually rather loosely applied, all are members of the subkingdom Dikarya (Higher Fungi), which is comprised of the phyla Ascomycota and Basidiomycota. Most typical mushrooms (fungi that have a stem, cap and gills) are, however, from the order Agaricales (Gilled Mushrooms). 

 

Gilled Mushrooms (Order Agaricales)

The order Agaricales, also known as Gilled Mushrooms, or Euagarics, contains some of the most familiar types of mushrooms. The order has about 4,000 identified species, or one quarter of all known Agaricomycetes. They range from the ubiquitous common mushroom to the deadly Destroying Angel and the hallucinogenic Fly Agaric to the bioluminescent Jack-o-lantern Mushroom.  more

 

Family Pluteaceae

Fly Agaric (Amanita muscaria)

The Fly Agaric is a large distinctive mushroom, generally common and numerous where it grows, often being found in groups with basidiocarps in all stages of development. Fully grown, the bright red cap is usually...  more

   

Orange-brown Ringless Amanita (Amanita fulva)

The cap is tan with a clearly lined margin. The gills are white and free from the stem. The stem is white, relatively long and thin, often hollow, and without a ring. The sack-like folva is patchy white with...  more

 

European Blusher (Amanita rubescens)

The European blusher has a reddish-brown cap, usually elliptical, and strewn with small cream-colored warts. It is sometimes covered with an ochre-yellow flush which can be washed by the rain. The flesh of the mushroom is white, becoming...  more

       

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Family Agaricaceae

Parasol Mushroom (Macrolepiota procera)

The Parasol Mushroom is one of the more distinctive members of the Lepiota family. Defining features include the little bump in the center of the mature cap; the brownish scales; the slender (not swollen) stem that is covered with small...  more

   

Common Puffball (Lycoperdon perlatum)

The common puffball is a moderate sized puffball mushroom with a round fruiting body, tapering to a wide stalk. It is off-white with a top covered in short, spiny bumps or "jewels". When mature, they become brown and a...  more

       
       

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Family Strophariaceae

Verdigris Agaric (Stropharia aeruginosa)

This fungi has a campanulated cap and is a striking blue-green colored gluten with white flecky scales. The margin is fringed with a white veil. In heavy rain the gluten and scales often wash off leaving the surface a pale yellow in color. The...  more

 
       

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Family Physalacriaceae

Porcelain Mushroom (Oudemansiella mucida)

The Porcelain Mushroom is specific to beech wood. It appears in autumn on dead trunks and on fallen branches, and occasionally it also grows on living trees...  more

       
       

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Family Psathyrellaceae

Mica Cap (Coprinellus micaceus)

The cap is initially 12.5 cm (0.41.0 in) in diameter, oval to cylindrical, but expands to become campanulate (bell-shaped), sometimes with an umbo (a central nipple-like protrusion); finally it flattens somewhat, becoming convex.

       
       

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Boletes (Order Boletales)

The Boletales are an order of Agaricomycetes, containing a large number of species with a diverse array of fruiting body types. The Boletes are the best known members of this group, and until recently, the Boletales were thought to only contain Boletes. The Boletales are now known to contain distinct groups of Agarics, Gasteromycetes, and other fruiting body types.  more

 

Earthballs (Family Sclerodermataceae)

Leopard-spotted Earthball (Scleroderma areolatum)

Thin skin, small brownish scales over a yellowish background. It has a blackish interior. Symbiotic with hardwoods and conifers in moist, shady woods. But also possibly using decomposing dead or decaying organic material, since...  more

       
       

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Boletes (Family Boletaceae)

Bay Boletus (Boletus badius)

It derives its common name from the bay or chestnut colored cap, which is almost spherical in young specimens before broadening and flattening out. The cap is sticky or slimy when fresh and young, but soon dry and finely velvety or...  more

       

Penny Bun (Boletus edulis)

The color is generally reddish-brown fading to white in areas near the margin, and continues to darken as it matures. The stipe, or stem is club-shaped, or bulges out in the middle. It is finely reticulate on the upper portion, but smooth or...  more

       
       

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Stinkhorns (Order Phallales)

The Phallales are an order of fungi that is more or less synonymous with the Gomphoid-phalloid clade. The order contains two families, the Claustulaceae and the Phallaceae, which collectively contain 26 genera and 88 species.

 

Stinkhorns (Family Phallaceae)

Common Stinkhorn (Phallus impudicus)

Sometimes called the Witch's Egg, the immature stinkhorn is whitish or pinkish and egg-shaped. On the outside is a thick whitish volva, also known as the peridium, covering the olive-colored gelatinous gleba. It is the...  more

     

Dog Stinkhorn (Mutinus caninus)

This small member of the Phallaceae family emerges from an off-white egg-like fruiting body that lies half buried in leaf litter on the woodland floor. White mycelial cords (rhizomorphs), are often visible beneath...  more

     
       

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